Michael's FAQs

Tie Rod Thread Lengths

How much thread length will I need on the tie rods I am ordering?

Unlike hex bolts, lag screws, and structural bolts, there is no standard thread length for tie rods.  A detailer or engineer may specify the thread length for tie rods, but it is not uncommon for the thread length to be left unspecified.  When thread lengths are not specified, Portland Bolt will determine the thread length... Read more

Common Anchor Rod Configurations

Anchor Rod Thread Length

How do I know how much thread length I need on my anchor rods?

There are no standard thread length calculations for anchor rods.  Anchor bolt thread length will depend on the required projection for the protruding end and the required hardware or configuration for the embedded end.  It is very common for structural drawings to detail the required thread lengths for anchor bolts. Bottom Threads Bottom threads will... Read more

Heavy Square Head Bolts and Nuts

Are heavy square head bolts and heavy square nuts available?

According to ASME, a global standards organization which provides manufacturers with guidelines and tolerances for producing parts, there are no listed dimensions to manufacture heavy square head bolts. However, ASME does provide dimensions for heavy square nuts. ASME B18.2.1 This standard covers the dimensional requirements for nine product types of inch series bolts and screws... Read more

Large Diameter Anchor Rods

What ASTM specifications are available for anchor bolts with diameters larger than what is covered by ASTM F1554?

The ASTM F1554 specification for anchor bolts ranges from ½ – 4”Ø in Grade 36 and 55 and ½” – 3”Ø in Grade 105. Other material specifications are available for diameters larger than what is covered by F1554, but in some cases they are not technically fastener specifications. Grade Identification Size Inches 36 1⁄2 – 4 55... Read more

Returned Goods

I ordered fasteners from Portland Bolt that I no longer need. Does Portland Bolt accept returns?

Portland Bolt accepts returns on stock items that we inventory, with some exceptions and limitations. We are unable to accept returns on custom items that were manufactured per order. Exceptions for Returns on Portland Bolt Stock Items Portland Bolt is willing to accept returns on items that we inventory as long as the parts are... Read more

Certificate of Materials Origin (CMO)

Does Portland Bolt provide CMOs for state DOT projects?

Yes, Portland Bolt will provide CMO paperwork for DOT projects in the US. The purpose of a CMO is to document the origin of materials used on a construction project. A CMO is required under the Buy America Act and applies to all federally funded highway construction projects. A CMO is used to certify that all... Read more

Assembly

Does Portland Bolt assemble accessory hardware to bolts?

Unless instructed otherwise, Portland Bolt will ship nuts and washers unassembled from bolts, with a few exceptions: Tie Rod Assemblies Tie rod assemblies are commonly used in heavy timber construction and in erecting architectural and structural steel. The assemblies typically consist of a threaded rod with right hand thread on one end and left hand... Read more

F844 Plate Washers

Do Portland Bolt’s round plate washers meet the requirements of ASTM F844?

If a purchaser specifies an ASTM F844 washer with the dimensions of Portland Bolt’s plate washers, then the washers do meet the requirements of F844. According to ASTM F844, a specification for general use steel washers, the washer dimensions must conform to ASME B18.21.1, Type A, Tables 1A and Tables 1B, unless otherwise specified. The... Read more

Hex Nut

Hex vs. Heavy Hex Nuts

What is the difference between a standard hex nut and a heavy hex nut?

A standard hex nut, also referred to as a finished hex nut, has a smaller width across the flats and corners compared to a heavy hex nut, and a heavy hex nut is slightly thicker than a standard hex nut of the same nominal size. In fact, heavy hex nuts are exactly a 1/8” larger... Read more

Timber Bolt Head Nubs

What is the purpose of the steel nubs or fins on timber bolt heads?

Timber bolts, also referred to as economy bolts in the Pacific Northwest, are designed with two nubs on the underside of the head which bite into wood and prevent the head from spinning in the timber during nut assembly.   The nubs under the head require a wood bearing surface to bite into, making a steel... Read more