## What is the shear strength of Grade 8 bolts?

A common question that we get here at Portland Bolt is in regards to the shear strength of bolts. The shear strength is the value at which the lateral stress on a bolt or screw causes it to fail. It is an important factor to take into consideration when designing structural steel or timber connections. Shear strength is also an easy value to roughly calculate when the ultimate tensile strength is known.

Below is a transcript of a recent live chat that we had on our website addressing shear strength. The chat was fielded by our very own Dane McKinnon and serves as a good example of what kind of response you can expect when you ask us a question. We’re substituting a generic name below for the customer to protect their privacy.

- Visitor: Henry
- Operator: Dane McKinnon
- Company: Portland Bolt
- Started: 26 Jan 2010 12:07:57
- Ended: 26 Jan 2010 12:22:18

**Henry:**

What is the shear strength of grade 8 bolts 1/4″ – 1″

Call accepted by Dane McKinnon. Currently in room: Dane McKinnon, Henry.

**Dane McKinnon:**

Good afternoon Henry. **Shear strength is typically 60% of tensile strength**, and the minimum tensile strength of a grade 8 bolt is 150,000 psi. We have an FAQ that addresses this question here: http://www.portlandbolt.com/technical/faqs/bolt-shear-strength-considerations

**Henry:**

How are all grade 8 bolts the same tensile strength?

**Dane McKinnon:**

They are all the same tensile strength per square inch. The larger ones have a larger cross section of material, and so are therefore stronger. To calculate the tensile strength of a particular size, you would multiply 150,000 psi by the tensile stress area, found here: http://www.portlandbolt.com/technical/thread-pitch-chart/

**Henry:**

Thank you

Henry is now off-line and may not reply. Currently in room: Dane McKinnon.

Dane McKinnon has left the conversation. Currently in room: room is empty.

Have a bolt related question of your own? Try our live chat feature and get the answer you need quickly.

*Written February 24, 2010 by*

What is the oproximate shear rating for a 3/4″ grade 8 bolt

@Steve- SAE J429 gr.8 bolts are not ‘rated’ for shear, however their approximate shear strength is 60% of tensile. Grade 8 tensile is 150,000psi, therefore shear is 90,000psi.

sir what is the load capacity of 3/8 inch dia of dyna bolt

@Edward- We are sorry, but we are not familiar with what a dyna bolt is, so we are unable to help. Apologies.

Sir. What is the force reqd to shear the shank of a M16 8.8 grade bolt?

Thank you.

T.Giblett

@Terry- apologies, but we do not have that information.

Shear factor of a m16 8.8 bolt is around 7 metric tonnes.

How to calculate shear stress in nuts

@Vinod – I am sorry, but we do not have any information regarding shear values for nuts.

What is the load capacity on a grade 8 1″ bolt that is being used in a horizontal lift?

@Adam – the ultimate breaking strength of a 1″ grade 8 bolt is 90,900lbs. The load capacity would the that number, divided by whatever safety factor is needed.

Is there a strength requirement for 1/8″ Grade 8 Bolts? Every standard that I have seen only includes 1/4″ to 1 1/2″ sized bolts.

@Clayton – No, 1/8″ is too small to be covered under most SAE or ASTM fastener standards. The only standard I am aware of that covers small screws is ASTM A574 for socket head cap screws. In that case the tensile is 180ksi minimum and the proofload is 140ksi.

what is the shear and tension capacity of the steel anchor bolt ASTM 1554 grade 105 1.5 inches and how is it found?

thank you

@Ora – We have an FAQ that specifically addresses your question here.