Certification and Testing FAQs

A194-7 Nuts & High Strength Bolts

Why Are A194 Grade 7 Nuts Not Recommended With High Strength Bolts?

I have noticed in specifications from multiple organizations that ASTM A193 Grade B7 bolts are selected along with ASTM A194 Grade 2H nuts. I know that from ASME B16.5 Flanges and Flanged Fittings, the recommended high strength bolt is ASTM A193 Grade B7. However I cannot find in ASTM A193, A194, ASME B16.5, B18.2.1, B18.2.2, B31.1... Read more

A449 Marking Requirements

What are the marking requirements for A449 bolts?

The ASTM A449 specification is somewhat ambiguous when it comes to the marking requirements. While the requirements are perfectly clear for hex bolts and studs, the verbiage doesn’t address head styles other than hex head, other bolt configurations such as U-bolts, or rods with threads on each end. ASTM A449, Section 16.1, Manufacturers Identification reads as follows:... Read more

Fastener Strength Terminology

What does yield, tensile, reduction of area, proof load, hardness, elongation, and shear mean in the context of fastener strength?

The following terms are measurements of strength that are commonly used in the fastener industry. All ASTM and SAE graded fasteners possess requirements for some or all of these strength characteristics. Our Strength Requirements by Grade Chart will provide a list of these strength requirements for each specification. Yield The yield strength or yield point of... Read more

F844 Standard Washer Certifications

Do ASTM F844 standard flat washers come with certification documents?

Commercially available ASTM F844 washers are typically not accompanied by certification documents, even though the F844 washers supplied by Portland Bolt are domestically manufactured. The reason mill test reports are not available for F844 washers is that there are no specific chemical or mechanical (strength, hardness) requirements for these washers. The only requirement is that they need... Read more

ROCAP Testing for A490 Structural Bolts

Does the ASTM Require a Rotational Capacity Test for A490 Structural Bolts?

No, ASTM does not require a rotational capacity test for A490 structural bolts. The reason for this is that the purpose of the rotational capacity test per ASTM is to evaluate the presence and efficiency of the lubricant used in a bolt and nut combination. Lubrication is used with galvanized bolts since there is additional... Read more

Pre-Order Certification Documents

Can I get a copy of the Certification documents before I place my order?

This question comes up with some regularity at Portland Bolt and by necessity the answer is no. We are happy to provide sample certifications to you so that you may get a general idea of what your certifications will look like when you receive them with your order. However, beyond the sample certifications we cannot... Read more

UL Listings and ICC-ES Reports

Do your products have a UL Listing or ICC-ES report available?

No. The products manufactured by Portland Bolt do not fall under the umbrella of products that would require a UL listing or ICC-ES report. There are three main governing bodies that cover specifications for fasteners. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) covers primarily bolts and fasteners for construction applications. SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers)... Read more